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托福獨立寫作技法:以駁為論
2020-01-09 15:48   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

  以2017年8月的一道真題為例:


微信圖片_20200109154640.jpg


  以文章主體部分的一個段落為例,學習一種論證方式

  駁斥反方也是為自己的立場加碼的論證內容和方式(尤其適用于自己的立場的理由不夠多的情況)→ Some environmental activists may adopt a measure that is too prudent, showing zero tolerance for any farming practice that would have even a little impact on the environment. Their over-protection may be a ban on any crop-growing or breeding that may alter the environment or interfere with the environment’s natural state. In this case, none of existing agricultural areas would be environmentally legitimate, and the implication of the excessive protection threatens the survival of humans, since there would be significantly reduced agricultural yields and massive starving populations as a consequence. At this point, would anyone insist on such environmental actions, at the cost of human lives? ←措辭技巧,反問句。比陳述句的語氣重,“耍流氓式”的論證,即通過反問的強烈語氣輔助論證。

  再以一道2019年12月的真題為例:


微信圖片_20200109154724.jpg


  同樣以文章主體部分的一個段落為例,鞏固上面學習的那種論證方式:

  駁斥反方也是為自己的立場加碼的論證內容和方式(尤其適用于自己的立場的理由不夠多的情況)→ Since the fee is not yet charged, which is the commonplace in many cities, car owners, without any hesitation, opt to use their vehicles, and, as a result, there are congested roads. In addition to the congestion, on those roads, emissions from cars accumulate and pollute the city, and meanwhile, car collisions are highly likely, rendering the roads unsafe. Since all of these consequences may be attributed to the free access, the fee is necessary. ←先說反面的情況,然后一句話“扭轉”過來,就完成了論證→ If the use of the city streets incurs a fee, none of congestions, pollution and accidents will be as likely to happen as they are now. For example, the City of Shanghai charged such a fee, the current irritating and hazardous traffic conditions would not deteriorate but improve.更多托福考試干貨敬請關注新航道托福考試頻道


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